DP - 2020 6月20日，TA - 当前世界环境PG - 10-30 VI - 65 IP - 69 4099 - www.a-i-l-s-a.com/article/1199/ 4100 - www.a-i-l-s-a.com/article/1199/ ab - 必要性为了增加食品谷物的生产并提高周围环境的质量，导致了控制或调节水和风腐蚀的材料。Mulching现在已经成为农业生产的必要和决定性运动。它减少了除草剂和各种化学肥料的应用，控制杂草并保持土壤水分和土壤温度。本文包括对覆盖物进行的不同研究的详细审查，并详细阐述了他们解决农业问题的机会。由于印度低降雨区的全球变暖和不稳定或不确定的降雨，多年来，农业运营的水资源不足。为了缓解农业的水资源稀缺，覆盖物在雨灌过程中作为水保存技术具有重要影响。这主要是为了保留土壤水分，防止土壤蒸发并控制土壤温度，影响食品生产。印度是一个农业国家应该对水资源保护策略更加钦佩。到目前为止，我们正在从水不足的强调强调战斗。 Each and every drop of water is important for us but inappropriately because of inattentiveness, we repeatedly waste gigantic volume of water in which 70 to 80 % is passed down for irrigation purpose. Mulching and micro- irrigation techniques can play a vital role in controlling the over and excessive irrigation. This practice assistance to prevent weed growth, increment soil moisture, reduce soil erosion, maintain soil temperature, augments soil structure, improves soil fertility and improvise soil biological regime. There are several categories of mulching which are organic mulching, inorganic mulching, natural mulching, synthetic mulching, surface mulching, upright mulching or vertical mulching, plastic mulching, rubber mulching, pebble or stone mulching, dust mulching, straw mulching, landscape fabric, live vegetative barriers etc. Mulching also shows some limitations beyond many advantages as it may harbor some insects, pests and diseases and also create some weed problems sometimes. The current analysis deals with argument of every single feature of mulching and it’s beneficiary effects.